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World War One Timelines

Events of 1914

Jun 28 Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, are assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia.
Jun 29 Secretary of the Austro-Hungarian Legation at Belgrade sends despatch to Vienna accusing Serbian complicity in the assassination.
Jul 20 Austria-Hungary sends troops to the Serbian frontier.
Jul 25 Serbia orders mobilisation of troops.
Russia arranges for troops to be stationed on Russo-Austrian frontier.
Jul 28 Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.
Jul 29 Great Britain warns Germany that it cannot remain neutral.
Austrians bombard Serbian capital Belgrade.
German patrols cross the French border.
Aug 01 French military mobilisation ordered.
Germany declares war on Russia.
Italy announces neutrality.
Belgium announces neutrality.
Aug 03 Germany declares war on France.
Great Britain gives order for troops to mobilise.
Aug 04 Germany declares war on Belgium.
United States declares neutrality.
Great Britain gives Germany ultimatum to stand down from hostilities. When Germany doesn't comply a state of war is declared at 11.00pm
Aug 06 Royal Navy cruiser HMS Amphion is sunk by German mines in the North Sea, causing the death of 150 men and the first British casualties of war.
Aug 07
First members of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) land in France
Aug 11 'Your King and Country Need You' slogan is published, calling for the first 100,000 men to enlist for Kitchener's New Army. The call is answered within two weeks.
Aug 13 The first squadrons of the Royal Flying Corps arrive in France.
Aug 20 Brussels is evacuated as Germans occupy the city.
Aug 25 The Royal Flying Corps claim their first 'kill' as three aircraft from 2nd Squadron force down a German reconnaissance plane.
Aug 26 The Battle of Le Cateau. BEF suffers 7,812 casualties and is forced to retreat
Sep 06 The First Battle of Marne checks German advance at the cost of 13,000 British, 250,000 French and 250,000 German casualties.
Oct 16 The British Indian Expeditionary Force sails from Bombay to the Persian Gulf in preparation for the defense of Mesopotamia.
Oct 19 First Battle of Ypres.
Oct 29 Turkey enters the war.
Nov 22
Trenches are established along the entire Western Front.
Nov 23 The British enter Basra, securing oil supplies in the Middle East needed to supply most of the Royal Navy.
Dec 08 The Battle of the Falkland Islands. A Royal navy task force sinks three German cruisers that were victorious at the Battle of Coronel in November. Only the SMS Dresden escapes.
Dec 16 The German First High Sea fleet bombards Hartlepool, Whitby and Scarborough, killing 137 civilians and proving that the British mainland is susceptible to attack.


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