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World War One Timelines

Events of 1914

Jun-28 Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, are assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia.
Jun-29 Secretary of the Austro-Hungarian Legation at Belgrade sends despatch to Vienna accusing Serbian complicity in the assassination.
Jul-20 Austria-Hungary sends troops to the Serbian frontier.
Jul-25 Serbia orders mobilisation of troops.
Russia arranges for troops to be stationed on Russo-Austrian frontier.
Jul-28 Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.
Jul-29 Great Britain warns Germany that it cannot remain neutral.
Austrians bombard Serbian capital Belgrade.
German patrols cross the French border.
Aug-01 French military mobilisation ordered.
Germany declares war on Russia.
Italy announces neutrality.
Belgium announces neutrality.
Aug-03 Germany declares war on France.
Great Britain gives order for troops to mobilise.
Aug-04 Germany declares war on Belgium.
United States declares neutrality.
Great Britain gives Germany ultimatum to stand down from hostilities. When Germany doesn't comply a state of war is declared at 11.00pm
Aug-06 Royal Navy cruiser HMS Amphion is sunk by German mines in the North Sea, causing the death of 150 men and the first British casualties of war.
Aug-07
First members of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) land in France
Aug-11 'Your King and Country Need You' slogan is published, calling for the first 100,000 men to enlist for Kitchener's New Army. The call is answered within two weeks.
Aug-13 The first squadrons of the Royal Flying Corps arrive in France.
Aug-20 Brussels is evacuated as Germans occupy the city.
Aug-25 The Royal Flying Corps claim their first 'kill' as three aircraft from 2nd Squadron force down a German reconnaissance plane.
Aug-26 The Battle of Le Cateau. BEF suffers 7,812 casualties and is forced to retreat
Sep-06 The First Battle of Marne checks German advance at the cost of 13,000 British, 250,000 French and 250,000 German casualties.
Oct-16 The British Indian Expeditionary Force sails from Bombay to the Persian Gulf in preparation for the defense of Mesopotamia.
Oct-19 First Battle of Ypres.
Oct-29 Turkey enters the war.
Nov-22
Trenches are established along the entire Western Front.
Nov-23 The British enter Basra, securing oil supplies in the Middle East needed to supply most of the Royal Navy.
Dec-08 The Battle of the Falkland Islands. A Royal navy task force sinks three German cruisers that were victorious at the Battle of Coronel in November. Only the SMS Dresden escapes.
Dec-16 The German First High Sea fleet bombards Hartlepool, Whitby and Scarborough, killing 137 civilians and proving that the British mainland is susceptible to attack.

 

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