uses cookies to make the site simpler. Find out more about cookies

Domestic heating comparisons

The Competition and Markets section monitors the prices of different domestic heating methods:

  • Electricity (including Heat Pumps)
  • Gas (Natural gas / LPG)
  • Oil
  • Solid Fuels (wood / coal)

These fuels are compared on a ‘cost per useful kWh’ basis. Different fuel types can be converted into useful heat more efficiently than others: for example, a modern gas boiler can convert around 90% of the energy from the gas into heat for your home. On the other hand, a stove running on coal may only be able to convert around 75% of the energy in the coal into heat for your home. Heat pumps can convert 300% of the energy they use into useful heat – this is because they are able to extract heat from the surrounding environment.

Cost per usful kWh (2017)

Approximate thermal efficiency of appliances

Did you find what you were looking for?
Back to top