Brexit and the UK-EU Transition Timeline
This is a timeline of key dates in the Brexit process.
Since 31 January 2020 (The Transition Period)
|The Transition Period begins at 11:01pm. EU law continues to apply in the UK and Isle of Man until the end of 2020 whilst new arrangements are negotiated.|
|3 February 2020||The UK government publish a Written Statement setting out its proposed approach to negotiations.|
|March 2020||Negotiations to begin on the future relationship.|
|31 December 2020||The date at which the Transition Period will end and the date at which any new arrangements will have effect from.|
24 June 2019 until 31 January 2020 (Exit Day)
|24 June 2019||Theresa May Officially resigns as Prime Minister, and is replaced by Boris Johnson as the United Kingdom's 76th Prime Minister.|
|28 August 2019||Prime Minister Boris Johnson's request to suspend Parliament in September approved by the queen.|
|9 September 2019||The European Union (Withdrawal) (No.2) Act 2019 also known as the Benn Act receives royal assent. This Act requires the government to ask the EU to extend the Brexit deadline until 31 January 2020 unless a deal, or no deal, has been approved by the UK parliament by 19 October.|
|Parliament officially prorogued until 14 October.|
|16 September 2019||The Isle of Man Government launches the ‘Are you ready for Brexit?’ public information campaign to help people prepare for Brexit. This includes the updated Isle of Man Brexit Guide.|
|19 September 2019||Newly appointed DExEU Minister James Duddridge MP, visits the Isle of Man to discuss Brexit preparations.|
|24 September 2019||UK Supreme Court Rules that Boris Johnson’s Prorogation of Parliament is unlawful.|
|25 September 2019||Westminster Parliament resumes sitting after prorogation is ruled as ‘null and void’.|
|2 October 2019||Boris Johnson submits a formal proposal to the EU setting out his alternatives to the Irish backstop.|
|8 October 2019||Extraordinary sitting of Tynwald held to pass legislation needed to allow for the continuation of trade in agri-food products to the EU in the event of a no deal Brexit.|
|13 October 2019||The Island secures 'approved' third country listing status from the EU for the export of live animals and products of animal origin. This ensures the Island will continue to able to export agri-food products, including shellfish, meat and dairy into the EU after Brexit.|
|17 October 2019||A revised Withdrawal Agreement and Political Declaration are agreed by the European Council. Prime Minister Johnson’s new look deal contains changes to the controversial Northern Ireland backstop.|
|19 October 2019||
A special Saturday session of parliament is convened to hold a meaningful vote on the Prime Ministers Withdrawal Agreement. Following an amendment to the governments motion Parliament votes to withhold their approval of the PM’s agreement until all the necessary domestic implementing legislation is passed.
The Prime Minister is forced to ask the EU for an extension to the Article 50 process under the terms set out in the Benn Act 2019.
|22 October 2019||The Withdrawal Bill (the bill which will implement the Withdrawal Agreement in UK law) passes second reading in the House of Commons with a majority of 30.
The Government however losses its vote on the timetable for the Bill. The progress of the Bill is put on hold, with the Government calling for an election.
|28 October 2019||The EU confirms a ‘flextension’ to the article 50 process. The UK is now due to leave the EU on 31 January 2020.|
|30 October 2019||The UK Government introduces the Early Parliamentary General Election Bill, which sets the date for a General Election to take place on 12 December. The Bill completes its Commons stages.|
|12- 13 December 2019||A General election is held in the UK and results in a Conservative Party Majority. The Prime Minister Boris Johnson pledges "to get Brexit done" by 31 January 2020.|
|19 December 2019||The Government publishes the European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Bill.|
|23 January 2020||The European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Act 2020 becomes law, having received Royal Assent. This is the legislation that will implement the withdrawal agreement negotiated by the UK and the EU.|
|29 January 2020||The Withdrawal Agreement is approved by the European Parliament|
|The United Kingdom formally leaves the European Union at 11pm.|
29 March 2019 to 31 July 2019
|30 March 2019||The Isle of Man’s European Union Settlement Scheme opens for applications. Those who apply and meet the basic criteria will be granted an immigration status of ‘indefinite leave to enter or remain’ or ‘limited leave to enter or remain’. There is no application fee for this immigration status.|
|1 April 2019||The House of Commons holds a second round of indicatives votes. The four options are Customs Union, Second Referendum, Common Market 2.0 and giving Parliament the power to stop a No-Deal Brexit.
None of the options secure a majority of votes, though pursuing a Customs Union with the EU is defeated by just three votes (273 vs. 276).
|2 April 2019||The UK Cabinet meets for an extended session to try to determine an approach to securing support for the Withdrawal Agreement in the Commons.|
|3 April 2019||The UK Government begins talks with the Labour Party to try to seek cross-party agreement on the terms on which the UK will leave the European Union.|
|5 April 2019||Prime Minister Theresa May writes to European Council President Donald Tusk to request a further extension to Article 50, suggesting a new exit date of 30th June 2019.|
|9 April 2019||Two items of secondary legislation required to prepare the Isle of Man for the UK’s withdrawal from the EU are approved at the April sitting of Tynwald.|
|10 April 2019||Theresa May attends a special European Council summit and requests an extension of the Article 50 process until 30 June 2019. It is agreed that the Article 50 process will be extended until 31 October. However the Prime Minister has confirmed the UK could leave before this date should a deal be agreed.|
|23-26 May 2019||European Parliamentary elections take place across Europe. In the United Kingdom the Brexit Party topped the poles with 31.6% of the vote (29 MEPs elected). The Liberal Democrats received 20.3% of the vote (15 MEPs elected). Both Labour and the Conservatives lost ground receiving 14.1% (10 MEPs) and 9.09% (4 MEPs) of the vote respectively. Full results can be found on the BBC website.|
|24 May 2019||Prime Minister Theresa May announces that she will step down as leader of the Conservative Party on 7 June. Mrs May will continue to serve as Prime Minister until a new leader of the Conservative party can be chosen.|
|7 June 2019||Theresa May officially resigned as Conservative party leader.|
|23 June 2019||Boris Johnson elected by the Conservative party membership as the next Conservative Party Leader.|
25 November 2018 to 29 March 2019
|26 November 2018||
The Prime Minister addresses the House of Commons following the agreement in Brussels.
The Isle of Man and the UK sign a new Customs Arrangement, amending the 1979 Customs and Excise Agreement between the two jurisdictions. Treasury Minister Hon Alfred Cannan MHK says:
'Securing this Arrangement has been a priority for the Island. Today’s signing represents a milestone in our work to prevent disruption for Isle of Man residents and businesses as a result of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU, whilst also protecting our vital trading relationship with the UK.'
The Chief Minister Hon Howard Quayle MHK speaks with Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union Robin Walker MP following the approval of the Withdrawal Agreement by the EU27. The Chief Minister comments:'The UK Government has been able to confirm that our interests have been protected, and that we have been included within the Withdrawal Agreement and Implementation Period, to the limited extent of our current Protocol 3 relationship. We now await the result of the parliamentary debate and vote in the UK with great interest.'
|27 November 2018||
Prime Minister Theresa May travels to Wales on the first stop of a nationwide tour to encourage support for the Withdrawal Agreement.The Isle of Man’s European Union and Trade Bill 2018 begins its passage through the Legislative Council with its First Reading.
|4 December 2018||The European Union and Trade Bill receives its Second Reading, Clauses Stage and Third Reading in the Legislative Council, completing its process of parliamentary scrutiny. The Bill awaits Royal Assent before it can become an Act.|
|10 December 2018||Prime Minister Theresa May announces that the vote scheduled for 11 December on the Withdrawal Agreement will be postponed as it had become clear in the debate that MPs would not back it in sufficient numbers. The PM pledges that she will seek concessions from Brussels on the Irish border backstop arrangements.|
|12 December 2018||Following the triggering of a vote of confidence, the Prime Minister is backed by a majority of Conservative MPs and remains in post.|
|14 December 2018||At the December summit of the European Council, EU leaders reject any form of renegotiation of the Withdrawal Agreement.|
|18 December 2018||The UK Cabinet discusses contingency planning for a no-deal exit and agrees to step up preparations.|
|9 January 2019||Five days of debate on the Withdrawal Agreement begins in the House of Commons. An amendment is passed to the European Union (Withdrawal) Act requiring the Government to revert to the Commons to set out its intentions within three days of losing the vote on the Agreement.|
|15 January 2019||The House of Commons votes by a majority of 230 votes to reject the UK Government's Withdrawal Agreement. Prime Minister Theresa May announces her intention to begin talks with other party leaders and senior backbench MPs and revert to Parliament on 21 January 2019.
In Tynwald, it is announced that the Isle of Man's European Union and Trade Bill has been granted Royal Assent, becoming the European Union and Trade Act 2019.
|16 January 2019||Theresa May survives a vote of no confidence in her Government brought to the Commons by the Labour Party, with a majority of 19.|
|21 January 2019||The Prime Minister gives a statement to the House of Commons outlining her intention to seek further concessions from the EU on the Irish border backstop provisions of the Withdrawal Agreement.|
|29 January 2019||
The UK Government backs a successful amendment in the House of Commons which requires it to return to Brussels and seek a renegotiation of the Withdrawal Agreement in order to replace the Irish border backstop proposal with alternative arrangements.Another amendment is also passed signalling Parliament’s opposition to a no-deal exit.
|30 January 2019||EU leaders including European Council President Donald Tusk, European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker, lead Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier, as well as Irish Taoiseach Leo Varadkar and Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz all publicly emphasise that they are not willing to reopen the Withdrawal Agreement for renegotiation.|
|19 February 2019||Eight items of secondary legislation required to prepare the Isle of Man for the UK’s withdrawal from the EU are approved at the February sitting of Tynwald|
|22 February 2019||Isle of Man Government publishes a Guide for Residents and Businesses in the event of a No-Deal Brexit. Chief Minister Hon Howard Quayle MHK states:
“For people and businesses in the Isle of Man the effects of these changes may be significant, or they may be minimal, but it is our intention that any disruption to people’s daily lives should be managed carefully, in order to reduce its impact. Isle of Man Government has, therefore, been preparing for the UK’s withdrawal from the EU for some time.”
|8 March 2019||
The Isle of Man’s Passport, Immigration and Nationality Office issues a press release confirming that the Island’s EU Settlement Scheme will go live on 30 March 2019.The Scheme sets out the basis on which a European Economic Area (EEA) citizen and their family members, and the family members of a qualifying British citizen, will, if they apply under it, be granted an immigration status of indefinite leave to enter or remain or limited leave to enter or remain. There is no application fee for this immigration status.
|11 March 2019||Prime Minister Theresa May travels to Strasbourg for last-minute talks with European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker and Brexit Negotiator Michel Barnier. The UK and EU publish a Joint Instrument and Joint Statement on the future trading arrangement, as well as a unilateral declaration by the UK Government, asserting the UK’s right to apply to an arbitration panel to exit the backstop if no future trade deal can be reached.|
|12 March 2019||The House of Commons rejects the Withdrawal Agreement for a second time by 149 votes. This is the first in a series of three votes and is followed on 13 March by a vote on a no-deal exit and then on extending Article 50 the following day.|
|13 March 2019||Ahead of the vote on a no-deal exit, the UK Government publishes its plans for temporary trade tariffs and the Northern Irish border in a no-deal scenario.
MPs vote against a no-deal exit with a majority of 43.
|14 March 2019||The House of Commons votes by a majority of 211 in favour of the UK Government seeking an extension to Article 50 at the European Council summit due to take place on 21-22 March 2019.
EU-27 leaders must unanimously approve the request in order for an extension to take effect.
|18 March 2019||Prime Minister Theresa May holds talks with the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) in an effort to gain their support for the Withdrawal Agreement.
House of Commons Speaker John Bercow rules that the Government cannot move that MPs approve the Withdrawal Agreement and Political Declaration, as it has already rejected this proposition (the second vote that took place on 12 March had been permitted as it had been in light of the new documents published on 11 March by the EU and UK).
|19 March 2019||Ten items of secondary legislation required to prepare the Isle of Man for the UK’s withdrawal from the EU are approved at the March sitting of Tynwald.|
|20 March 2019||The number of days that have passed since the 23 June 2016 referendum reaches 1000.
The Prime Minister writes a letter to European Council President Donald Tusk to formally request that the Council consider and approve an extension to the Article 50 process until 30 June 2019.
|21 March 2019||Theresa May attends the March 2019 European Council summit and requests an extension of the Article 50 process until 30 June 2019. It is agreed that the Article 50 process can be delayed until 22 May 2019 if the Withdrawal Agreement is approved by the House of Commons prior to 29 March 2019, otherwise the new date of the UK’s departure will become 12 April 2019.|
|25 March 2019||MPs vote to take control of the House of Commons order paper in order to hold a series of indicative votes. This move is led by Conservative MP Oliver Letwin and is intended to find a majority in the Commons in support of one form of Brexit.|
|27 March 2019||The first set of indicative votes are held in the Commons. Eight options are voted on (Customs union, Second referendum, Labour’s plan, Common Market 2.0, Revoke Article 50, No Deal, Managed No-Deal and EFTA/EEA). None of the eight options secure a majority of votes.|
|29 March 2019||The day on which the UK had been scheduled to leave the European Union since the triggering of Article 50 on 29 March 2017. The departure was delayed until 12 April 2019 (at the earliest) at the European Council summit on 21 March 2019.
The Government moves for a vote in the Commons on the Withdrawal Agreement only – without the Political Declaration on the Future Relationship (thus bypassing the prohibition of repeating a motion already defeated). This motion is rejected by MPs by a majority of 58.
29 March 2018 to 25 November 2018
|16 April 2018||The Lords Report Stage of the UK's European Union (Withdrawal) Bill commences.|
|16 April 2018||The Isle of Man’s draft European Union (Withdrawal) Bill is published for a six-week period of public consultation. The consultation can be accessed online at the Isle of Man Government Consultation Hub.|
|16-18 April 2018||The first round of Article 50 negotiations on the future economic relationship between the UK and the EU commence, as well as continued negotiations on the remaining unsettled issues within the Withdrawal Agreement.|
|4 May 2018||The Article 50 negotiating teams publish their list of topics for discussions on the future framework at forthcoming meetings|
|22-24 May 2018||Another round of Article 50 negotiations takes place with discussions on the remaining withdrawal issues, Northern Ireland and the future relationship.|
|23 May 2018||The UK publishes its Framework for the UK-EU Partnership position papers on data protection and science, research and innovation|
|24 May 2018||The UK publishes its Framework for the UK-EU Partnership position paper on the future economic partnership|
|29 May 2018||The public consultation on the Island's European Union (Withdrawal) Bill concludes.|
|5-8 June 2018||A round of Article 50 negotiations takes places in Brussels.|
|7 June 2018||The UK publishes its Framework for the UK-EU Partnership position paper on Transport.|
|19-20 June 2018||A round of Article 50 negotiations takes places in Brussels, with one day dedicated to the Irish border and one day to the future relationship. The negotiators publish a joint statement on progress.|
|26 June 2018||The UK’s European Union (Withdrawal) Bill receives Royal Assent, becoming the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018.|
|28-29 June 2018||The European Council June Summit is held, where leaders of the EU-27 discuss progress in Article 50 negotiations.|
|2 July 2018||The sixth Quarterly Meeting between the Chief Ministers of the Crown Dependencies and Robin Walker MP, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union, takes place at DExEU offices in London.|
|6 July 2018||The UK Cabinet meets at Chequers to agree the Prime Minister's detailed proposal for the future relationship between the UK and the EU post-Brexit.|
|9 July 2018||Rt Hon David Davis MP resigns at Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union and is replaced by Minister of State for Housing and Planning Rt Hon Dominic Raab MP.|
|12 July 2018||The White Paper of the UK’s proposal for the future relationship between the UK and the European Union is published, with Secretary of State Dominic Raab delivering a statement to the Commons.
Chief Minister Hon Howard Quayle MHK welcomes the recognition of the Isle of Man’s position in the White Paper.
|16-19 July 2018||A round of Article 50 negotiations takes place in Brussels, focusing on the remaining issues within the Withdrawal Agreement.|
|19 July 2018||New Brexit Secretary Dominic Raab meet Chief EU Negotiator Michel Barnier for the first time in Brussels.
The European Commission published an update paper on Brexit negotiations, highlighting measures to be taken to prepare for a no-deal outcome.
|20 July 2018||The General Affairs Council meets as the EU-27 to receive an update on the progress of negotiations by Michel Barnier.|
|24-26 July 2018||A round of Article 50 negotiations takes place in Brussels, with discussion on the remaining issues with the Withdrawal Agreement as well as on the future relationship.|
|16-17 August 2018||A round of Article 50 negotiations takes place in Brussels.|
|20 August 2018||The UK publishes Future Partnership Framework Slides on Financial Services and Open and fair competition.|
|21-22 August 2018||A round of Article 50 negotiations takes place in Brussels.|
|23 August 2018||The UK releases its first tranche of Technical Notices providing advice on planning for a no-deal scenario, following a speech by Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union Dominic Raab.
Chief Minister Hon Howard Quayle MHK says: 'We started preparing for the UK’s exit from the EU before the result of the public referendum was announced in 2016. Significant work is taking place to help us secure the best possible outcome for the Isle of Man, our people and businesses.'
|29-31 August 2018||A round of Article 50 negotiations takes place in Brussels.|
|4 September 2018||Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union Dominic Raab provides an update on negotiations to the House of Commons.|
|5-6 September 2018||A round of Article 50 negotiations takes place in Brussels.|
|13 September 2018||
The UK releases its second tranche of Technical Notices providing advice on planning for a no-deal scenario.
The Isle of Man Government has reviewed each Technical Notice and published a summary of the impact for Island residents and businesses.
|18 September 2018||Michel Barnier attends a meeting of the General Affairs Council in Brussels to brief European foreign affairs ministers on the latest in the Brexit talks ahead of the two-day summit in Salzburg.|
|19 September 2018||The Prime Minister meets the leaders of the EU-27 at an informal summit in Salzburg, Austria. Little progress appeared to be made at the meeting, with continued focus on the importance of resolving the problem of the Irish border.|
|24 September 2018||
The UK releases its third tranche of Technical Notices providing advice on planning for a no-deal scenario.The Isle of Man Government has reviewed each Technical Notice and published a summary of the impact for Island residents and businesses.
|3 October 2018||Theresa May addresses the 2018 Conservative Party Conference in Birmingham, using the speech to rally support for her approach to Brexit.|
|9 October 2018||Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union Dominic Raab updates the House of Commons on progress in negotiations following the 25-day parliamentary recess for party conferences.|
|10 October 2018||The Chief Ministers of the Crown Dependencies meet Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union Robin Walker for the seventh quarterly DExEU-CDs roundtable meeting.|
|12 October 2018||The fourth tranche of Technical Notices is released by the UK, providing advice on planning for a no-deal scenario. The implications where relevant of each for the Isle of Man are available.|
|16 October 2018||The EU’s General Affairs Council meets in an EU-27 format to receive an update from European Commission Chief Brexit Negotiator Michel Barnier.
The Chief Minister gives his State of the Nation Address to Tynwald, stating:
'Deal or no deal, we are making the necessary preparations so that we are ready whatever happens, and we will have made the necessary preparations for either scenario. Because we are small and agile we will be ready to take advantage of post-Brexit opportunities, and because we have planned meticulously for any outcome we will be as well prepared as possible.'
|17 October 2018||The UK and EU-27 meet for a working dinner ahead of the October summit of the European Council to discuss Brexit negotiations, where the Prime Minister gives a speech to EU leaders. The summit concludes without finalising a withdrawal agreement and without scheduling an extraordinary summit in November, which had been suggested. Focus turns to the December European Council summit for agreeing a deal.|
|23 October 2018||The Isle of Man’s European Union and Trade Bill 2018 passes its First and Second Reading stages in the House of Keys.|
|6 November 2018||The European Union and Trade Bill 2018 passes the Clauses stage in the House of Keys|
|8-9 November 2018||The Isle of Man hosts the 31st British-Irish Council summit, where the UK's withdrawal from the EU is debated as part of wider discussions. Attendees include Irish Taoiseach Leo Varadkar Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster David Lidington, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland Karen Bradley, First Minister of Scotland Nicola Sturgeon, First Minister of Wales Carwyn Jones, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union Robin Walker and Minister of State for Digital and Culture Margot James.|
|13 November 2018||It is announced that a draft Withdrawal Agreement and high-level political declaration on the future relationship have been agreed upon by the UK and EU Article 50 negotiators.
The European Union and Trade Bill 2018 receives its Third Reading and thus completes its passage through the House of Keys.
|14 November 2018||The Cabinet meets to discuss the draft Withdrawal Agreement and high-level political declaration, which are agreed upon and subsequently published by the UK.|
|15 November 2018||Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union Dominic Raab resigns, citing an inability to support the terms of the Withdrawal Agreement. Secretary of State for Work and Pensions Esther McVey and several junior ministers subsequently also resign.
The Prime Minister holds a lengthy session in the Commons fielding questions from MPs followed by a press conference in which she asserts that she will continue to seek parliamentary approval for the draft Withdrawal Agreement.
|19 November 2018||EU27 foreign ministers meet in Brussels for a General Affairs Council meeting, where the draft Withdrawal Agreement is discussed and it is emphasised that the text can no longer be the subject of major revisions.|
|21 November 2018||The Prime Minister meets European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker in Brussels to discuss the final details of the draft Withdrawal Agreement and Political Declaration.|
|25 November 2018||After 18 months of Article 50 negotiations, EU27 leaders meet at an extraordinary summit of the European Council and approve the Withdrawal Agreement and Political Declaration.|
29 March 2017 to 29 March 2018
|30 March 2017||The UK Government publishes its white paper ‘Legislating for the United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the European Union’ – giving details of the UK’s Great Repeal Bill, which will transfer all EU legislation into UK domestic law.|
|28 April 2017||The Council of Ministers publishes the fourth Interim Report on the referendum’s implications for the Isle of Man.|
|29 April 2017||The European Council unanimously agrees the EU’s negotiating guidelines for talks with the UK on the terms of its withdrawal.|
|16 May 2017||Tynwald debates the Isle of Man Government’s ongoing work on Brexit. The Chief Minister’s motion:
'That Tynwald notes the ongoing work of the Council of Ministers on the implications for the Isle of Man of the United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the European Union'
is unanimously approved.
|22 May 2017||The EU General Affairs Council authorises the opening of Brexit negotiations with the UK.|
|8 June 2017||The UK holds a General Election.|
|19 June 2017||The first meeting of negotiations between the UK and the European Union is held.
The UK publishes its Terms of Reference for the negotiations.
|26 June 2017||The UK Government outlines its plans to offer EU citizens currently resident in the UK the opportunity to remain permanently following its exit from the EU.|
|2 July 2017||The UK Government announces its withdrawal from the 1964 London Fisheries Convention.
Isle of Man Minister for Environment, Food and Agriculture Geoffrey Boot MHK announces that the Isle of Man will continue to play an active role in discussions about the future of fisheries policy.
|13 July 2017||The UK also releases three position papers on various aspects of its withdrawal from the European Union:
Ongoing Union judicial and administrative proceedings – position paper
Nuclear materials and safeguard issues – position paper
Privileges and immunities – position paper
|13 July 2017||The UK Department for Exiting the European Union publishes the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill, known more commonly as the ‘Great Repeal Bill’Guidance for businesses and organisations on the Repeal Bill has also been produced.|
|14 July 2017||The Chief Minister confirms that the Isle of Man will have its own version of the EU Repeal Bill, which will be brought forward later in 2017.|
|17 July 2017||The second round of negotiations between the UK and the EU begin.|
|20 July 2017||Following the second round of negotiations, the UK and EU release a ‘joint technical note on the comparison of EU-UK positions on citizens’ rights’.|
|3 August 2017||Robin Walker MP, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union visits the Isle of Man to attend meetings with the Chief Minister and Council of Ministers as well as visit local industry including Isle of Man Creamery, Swagelok and the Isle of Man Food Park.|
|15 August 2017||UK publishes position paper outlining its desire to negotiate a “new customs partnership” with the remaining EU 27, which will negate the need for a customs border. The paper states that the Isle of Man will have opportunities to engage with and contribute to the UK’s international trade policy going forward.|
|16 August 2017||UK publishes a second paper which sets out the UK’s position regarding the unique circumstances in Northern Ireland and Ireland following the UK’s withdrawal from the EU. Within which the UK reaffirms its commitment to the Common Travel Area and the Good Friday (Belfast) Agreement and outlines plans to ensure that cross border trade remains “frictionless”.
Two additional papers have also been produced in support of the Northern Ireland and Ireland Position Paper:
Annex 1) Additional Data Paper: Common Travel Area data and statistics
Annex 2) Additional data paper: Northern Ireland trade data and statistics
|21 August 2017||The UK publishes two positions papers: Continuity in the availability of goods for the EU and the UK – outlining the UK’s position on continuity in the availability of goods in UK and EU markets at the point of EU exit; and Confidentiality and access to documents – outlining the UK’s position on the ongoing confidentiality obligations and access to documents.|
|22 August 2017||The UK publishes ‘Providing a cross-border civil judicial cooperation framework – a future partnership paper’ outlining the UK’s position on cross-border civil judicial cooperation in the future partnership with the EU.|
|23 August 2017||The UK publishes ‘Enforcement and dispute resolution – a future partnership paper’ outlining options for enforcement and dispute resolution mechanisms for UK-EU agreements.|
|24 August 2017||The UK publishes ‘The exchange and protection of personal data – a future partnership paper’ outlining options for the protection of personal data after the UK exits the EU.|
|28 August 2017||The third round of negotiations between the UK and EU commences.The UK releases three technical notes on various aspects of its withdrawal from the European Union:
Technical note on existing contracts for the supply of nuclear material
Technical note on spent fuel and radioactive waste
Technical note on functionality and Protocol 7
|29 August 2017||The Isle of Man moves to develop closer economic connections with Commonwealth countries by becoming a strategic partner of the Commonwealth Enterprise and Investment Council.
Chief Minister Hon Howard Quayle MHK said:
“Looking ahead to a world beyond Brexit, the Commonwealth offers a global network of markets and opportunities that the Isle of Man is particularly well placed to support. We specialise in facilitating international trade and investment and we look forward to making a positive contribution to the work of the Commonwealth Enterprise and Investment Council.”
|6 September 2017||The UK publishes ‘Collaboration on science and innovation – a future partnership paper’ outlining its objectives for a science and innovation agreement with the EU.|
|11 September 2017||The European Union Withdrawal Bill (more commonly known as the ‘Great Repeal Bill’) passes its second reading in the House of Commons by 326 votes to 290.|
|12 September 2017||The UK publishes “Foreign Policy, defence and development – a future partnership paper” which outlines its vision for future cooperation on external action and national security.|
|18 September 2017||The UK publishes ‘Security, law enforcement and criminal justice – a future partnership paper’, which discusses options for maintaining internal security collaboration in a future partnership between the UK and the European Union.|
|22 September 2017||Prime Minister Theresa May delivers a speech in Florence, Italy titled ‘A new era of cooperation and partnership between the UK and the EU’ providing an update on the UK Government’s position on issues relating to Brexit, including economic and security cooperation, the Irish border and the rights of EU citizens living in the United Kingdom. Read the full text of the speech.|
|25 September 2017||The fourth round of Article 50 negotiations between the UK and the EU commence. Read Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union The Rt Hon David Davis MP’s opening remarks.|
|09 October 2017||The fifth round of Article 50 negotiations between the UK and the EU commence.|
|19-20 October 2017||The European Council's October summit is held. It is agreed that the EU-27 will begin their internal discussions about a possible future relationship with the UK after withdrawal. The transition of UK-EU negotiations into this second phase is postponed until December at the earliest.|
|9-10 November 2017||The sixth round of UK-EU negotiations takes place in Brussels.|
|13 November 2017||Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union David Davis provides a statement to the House of Commons on progress in Brexit negotiations. This includes an announcement that the final agreement made between the UK and the EU will be put to Parliament in the form of the European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Bill.|
|14 November 2017||The UK’s European Union (Withdrawal) Bill begins the Committee Stage of the legislative process in the House of Commons.|
|8 December 2017||The UK and the European Commission publish a Joint Report on progress during Phase One of negotiations under Article 50. The European Commission confirms that it will be recommending that the European Council approve the move to Phase Two of negotiations at its summit on Thursday 14 to Friday 15 December 2017.|
|13 December 2017||The House of Commons votes in favour of an amendment to the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill which will give Parliament a 'meaningful' vote on the final withdrawal agreement formed between the UK Government and the European Commission.|
|14-15 December 2017||The December summit of the Council of the EU is held, and the leaders of the EU-27 vote in favour of the Commission moving onto Phase Two of negotiations with the UK. Phase Two aims to settle the exact terms of the UK’s withdrawal and the relationship that will exist between the UK and the EU post-Brexit.
Also to be agreed in Phase Two is the UK’s withdrawal from Euratom (the European atomic energy community) and any future cooperation on security, defence, foreign policy, terrorism and international crime.
|20 December 2017||In Westminster, The European Union (Withdrawal) Bill completes the Committee stage in the House of Commons.
In Brussels, the European Commission publishes its draft negotiating directives for Phase Two of Article 50 negotiations. They include:
• the United Kingdom will continue to participate in the Customs Union and the Single Market
• all existing Union regulatory, budgetary, supervisory, judiciary and enforcement instruments and structures will apply, including the competence of the Court of Justice of the European Union
• the United Kingdom will be a third country as of 30 March 2019. As a result, it will no longer be represented in Union institutions, agencies, bodies and offices
• the transition period should not last beyond 31 December 2020
|16-17 January 2018||The European Union (Withdrawal) Bill completes the Report Stage and Third Reading in the Commons. This completes the Bill’s passage through the Commons.|
|18 January 2018||The European Union (Withdrawal) Bill receives its First Reading in the House of Lords.|
|30-31 January 2018||The European Union (Withdrawal) Bill receives its Second Reading in the House of Lords.|
|6-7 February 2018||The seventh round of Article 50 negotiations is held in Brussels.|
|14 February 2018||Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson gives a speech in which he makes the case for ‘liberal Brexit’ – the first in a series of six speeches by Cabinet ministers intended to bring greater clarity to the UK’s vision of the post-Brexit United Kingdom.|
|17 February 2018||Prime Minister Theresa May gives a speech to the Munich Security Conference pledging that the UK will continue to be involved in European cooperation on security and intelligence matters.|
|19-20 February 2018||Article 50 negotiations take place in Brussels.|
|20 February 2018||Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union David Davis gives a speech in Vienna on the future of standards and regulations post-Brexit. He sought to provide reassurance that the UK would not engage in what he called a "bonfire of regulations".|
|21 February 2018||The Lords Committee Stage of the EU (Withdrawal) Bill commences. It is scheduled to continue until 26 March 2018.|
|22 February 2018||Senior UK Cabinet Ministers meet for a Chequers 'away-day' where they agree their collective vision of the post-Brexit relationship between the UK and the European Union.|
|26-27 February 2018||Article 50 negotiations take place in Brussels.|
|26 February 2018||Labour party leader Jeremy Corbyn announces that his party would seek a permanent customs union between the UK and the EU in order to ensure tariff-free trade and prevent the need for checks at the Irish border.
Cabinet Office Minister David Lidington makes a speech on Brexit and devolution. He says "the vast majority of powers returning from Brussels will start off in Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast – and not in Whitehall".
|27 February 2018||Secretary of State for International Trade Liam Fox gives a speech at the London headquarters of Bloomberg on the topic of the UK's plans for free trade agreements with non-EU countries post-Brexit. The speech also provided a response to Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn's announcement that his party would back the UK remaining in customs union with the EU.|
|28 February 2018||The European Commission publishes its 119-page draft withdrawal agreement. The territorial scope of the draft agreement includes the Isle of Man, ensuring that the Island’s existing relationship with the EU will remain unchanged during the implementation period.|
|2 March 2018||Prime Minister Theresa May gives a speech at Mansion House, London, where she outlined five ‘tests’ for the withdrawal agreement:
• The agreement with the EU must respect the referendum
• The agreement must endure
• The agreement must defend jobs and security
• The agreement must reflect the country the UK wants to be
The agreement must defend the Union [within the UK]
|5 March 2018||The Chief Ministers of the Isle of Man, Jersey and Guernsey meet with Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union Robin Walker MP to discuss joint working on Brexit.|
|7 March 2018||European Council President Donald Tusk publishes the EU's draft negotiating guidelines for deliberation on the future trading relationship between the UK and the EU post-Brexit.|
|22-23 March 2018||The March 2018 European Council summit is held. The terms of a transition period after 29 March 2018 are agreed in principle and negotiations on a future trading relationship are permitted to commence.|
|28 March 2018||The Lords Committee Stage of the UK's European Union (Withdrawal) Bill concludes.|
23 June 2016 to 29 March 2017
|23 June 2016||Referendum Day – 33,551,983 voters cast their ballots in the UK and Gibraltar|
|24 June 2016||The referendum result is announced, with 51.9% of voters favouring leaving the EU.
David Cameron announces his resignation as UK Prime Minister.
Chief Minister Allan Bell states that vigilance will be vital to defend Island’s interests following the vote.
|28 June 2016||The Crown Dependencies send a joint letter to the UK Prime Minister outlining their joint position and asking that the UK keep them informed of matters of interest to them.
A special Tynwald sitting is held to debate the referendum outcome. The Chief Minister’s motion: 'That Tynwald notes the outcome of the United Kingdom’s Referendum on the membership of the European Union, supports the actions being taken by the Council of Ministers following this decision and calls upon the Council of Ministers to continue the work underway to protect the future interests of the Isle of Man' is unanimously approved.
|13 July 2016||Theresa May becomes UK Prime Minister.|
|22 July 2016||The Chief Minister attends an Extraordinary Summit of the British Irish Council to discuss the outcome of the referendum.|
|26 July 2016||Prime Minister Theresa May responds to the joint letter from the Crown Dependencies, confirming that the UK will engage with the Crown Dependencies through the negotiation process.|
|August 2016||The Isle of Man Government provides a written submission to the House of Commons Foreign Affairs Committee’s Inquiry into the implications of leaving the EU for the UK’s role in the world.|
|4 October 2016||Howard Quayle MHK is elected Chief Minister of the Isle of Man.|
|November 2016||The Isle of Man Government provides a written submission to the House of Commons Justice Committee’s Inquiry into the implications of Brexit for the Crown Dependencies.|
|5 December 2016||The Council of Ministers publishes the third Interim Report on the referendum’s implications for the Isle of Man.|
|20 December 2016||Chief Minister Howard Quayle MHK gives evidence to the House of Lords EU Select Committee’s inquiry into the implications of Brexit for the Crown Dependencies, alongside the Chief Ministers of Jersey and Guernsey.|
|16 January 2017||The House of Commons Justice Committee visits the Isle of Man as part of their Inquiry into the implications of Brexit for the Crown Dependencies. In addition to meeting the Chief Minister, Council of Ministers and Tynwald Members, the Select Committee speaks to representatives of the Isle of Man’s EU Advisory Group, Agriculture and Fisheries sectors and the Chamber of Commerce. Committee Members also tour local companies to hear how Brexit could affect business in the Isle of Man.|
|17 January 2017||UK Prime Minister Theresa May outlines her ambitions for Brexit in a speech at Lancaster House.|
|20 January 2017||The Chief Minister welcomes the greater clarity on the UK’s aspirations for Brexit afforded by Mrs May’s speech.|
|26 January 2017||The UK Government introduces legislation to Parliament to grant permission for the triggering of Article 50, the mechanism by which the UK will formally notify the EU of its intention to withdraw.|
|2 February 2017||The UK Government releases a white paper titled ‘The United Kingdom’s exit from and new partnership with the European Union’.|
|16 March 2017||The legislation permitting the triggering of Article 50 receives Royal Assent.|
|23 March 2017||The House of Lords EU Committee publishes its report ‘Brexit: the Crown Dependencies’.|
|28 March 2017||The House of Commons Justice Committee publishes its report ‘The implications of Brexit for the Crown Dependencies’.|
|29 March 2017||The UK formally triggers Article 50, commencing a two-year period for negotiations between the UK and the EU.|
Before 23 June 2016
|22 January 2013||Prime Minister David Cameron announces that if the Conservative Party wins the 2015 General Election, they will seek to renegotiate the UK’s relationship with the EU then hold a referendum by the end of 2017.|
|27 May 2015||The European Union Referendum Bill is unveiled in the Queen’s Speech. The law was required to allow the referendum to take place.|
|19 February 2016||The UK and EU-27 agree to a package of reforms to the UK-EU relationship ahead of the referendum vote.|
|20 February 2016||The referendum date of 23 June 2016 is announced.|
|22 April 2016||The Council of Ministers publishes the first Interim Report on the referendum’s implications for the Isle of Man.|
|16 June 2016||The Council of Ministers publishes the second Interim Report on the referendum’s implications for the Isle of Man.|